Resources for applicants

On this page applicants can find additional resources to prepare their DECIMALS project proposals.

Key publications and background information on SRM science

  • To get a better feel for good DECIMALS research topics and projects, have a look through the DECIMALS publications to date.
  • For an introduction to SRM science and modelling, see:
    • Irvine, P. J., Kravitz, B., Lawrence, M. G., & Muri, H. (2016). An overview of the Earth system science of solar geoengineering. WIREs Climate Change, 7(6), 815‑833. 
    • Kravitz, B., & MacMartin, D. G. (2020). Uncertainty and the basis for confidence in solar geoengineering research. Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, 1(1), 64‑75. 
  • Resolving uncertainties in solar geoengineering through multi-model and large-ensemble simulations, a special issue jointly organised between Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics and Earth System Dynamics

These papers are a good starting point but applications that cite only these studies will not score as highly as applications that demonstrate wider reading and understanding.


I work in one of the countries that are eligible for DECIMALS grants but I am not a citizen of a developing country or emerging economy. Can I apply?

No. Only people who are both citizens of an eligible country and resident in an eligible country (although it doesn’t have to be the same country) are able to receive DECIMALS funding. However, you could be part of a DECIMALS research team as long as you do not receive any salary support from DECIMALS.

I receive a full salary from my university. Can I still apply for salary support from DECIMALS?

Yes, you can apply for salary support, but you will need to explain in your application why this is necessary.

Can the Degrees Initiative recommend SRM experts to join us in our proposal?

No, we link up DECIMALS research groups with expert research collaborators once we have allocated grants. At the applications stage we are looking for people to demonstrate that they have expertise in the impact analysis that they are proposing, and that show promise to progress as an SRM researcher.

All DECIMALS studies to date have modelled stratospheric aerosol injection. Does my DECIMALS proposal have to focus on this or can I study marine cloud brightening?

You certainly can propose to study marine cloud brightening and applications will not be marked up or down for choosing stratospheric aerosols or marine cloud brightening as their focus. However, if you are unsure which technique you would prefer to study, there may be advantages to choosing stratospheric aerosol injection because it is the more researched technique and most of the other teams will be studying it, making it easier to discuss your research with your colleagues around the world.

Can I complete my DECIMALS application in another language?

With apologies, our operation is not yet sophisticated enough to accommodate teams who do not speak good English and all applications must be completed in English.

The application needs the details of all team members but of course some team members might move on to other jobs before the DECIMALS projects start. Can we find other team members at a later stage to replace them if needed?

Yes, you do not have to have a solid commitment from all proposed researchers to apply for a grant. Ultimately it is the Principal Investigator’s job to make sure that the research can be carried out to a high standard within financial and time constraints, and they can change the team as needed.

About the DECIMALS experience

The DECIMALS experience is about much more than research funding. Through DECIMALS, the Degrees Initiative is trying to build a global community of SRM experts – something that we think is an essential precondition for the good governance of SRM. Degrees therefore places an emphasis on community-building and supports activities to allow the DECIMALS teams to interact with each other and with SRM experts around the world.

Research planning workshop

The DECIMALS journey begins with an in-person research planning workshop attended by two members from each team as well as their research collaborators. At the workshop, the teams will learn more about SRMfrom the physical and socio-political dimensions to modelling practices and datasetsand they will present their research plans for review and discussion. Perhaps most importantly the scientists will get to know each other as they join a growing international community of SRM experts. The funding for this will be included in the grant (see standard contribution).

Research collaborator scheme

One of the unique benefits of the DECIMALS Fund is its research collaborator network. Each team will be connected with a pair of research collaborators, who are some of the world’s most experienced SRM modellers. The research collaborators work cooperatively with the teams, helping them to understand the complexities of modelling SRM, making sure that they can access the data that they need, and in turn learning more about local climate impact modelling from the DECIMALS scientists. The costs associated with the research collaborator scheme will be met by the Degrees Initiative.

The teams are free to define how they work with their collaborators and there is no obligation to work with them at all. But most of the DECIMALS teams have reported that it is one of the best parts of the DECIMALS experience, with a number of the scientists continuing to work together outside of their DECIMALS projects – for instance by submitting joint proposals to other funders or by working on other projects outside of their DECIMALS research. 


The Degrees Initiative organises monthly calls that allow DECIMALS teams to stay in touch with each other and the latest SRM news, and to present their work for discussion and feedback. Every project receives funding to send scientists to conferences and DECIMALS researchers have been invited to participate in numerous panels, conferences and expert processes. There was even a special research residency for DECIMALS researchers at Harvard University.

If the situation with covid continues to improve, Degrees plans to organise more workshops for the DECIMALS teams to meet in person.