For over a decade, the Degrees Initiative has led the world in building the capacity of developing countries to evaluate solar radiation modification (SRM). We do this through outreach events that bring new people to the conversation, supporting and funding research that builds expertise and an evidence base, and activities that build an international community of experts.
"SRM is a very controversial issue, with global implications. The Degrees Initiative is a most important initiative in the field today."
Former Head of the World Meteorological Organization
"The Global South needs more people who truly understand the global and regional impacts of SRM, and this takes time."
Pornampai (Ping-Ping) Narenpitak
Degrees funded scientist - National Science and Technology Development Agency, Thailand
"A transparent and inclusive conversation on SRM needs to take place at the international level.”
Degrees-funded scientist and research collaborator - Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru
"This is the best opportunity for the Global South at least to be part of the conversation with regional research produced by regional scientists"
Degrees-funded scientist and research collaborator - University of Buenos Aires, Argentina
Degrees is a global community of researchers, expert collaborators, and partners from around the world. We work closely with a range of partners, including academic institutions, other NGOs, and local organisations, and volunteers to achieve our mission and uphold our values. Our work is deeply informed by the Global South science community; in 2018, we set up our first research fund following feedback in outreach workshops that scientists wanted to do their own research but lacked the funds to do so. Now our work is driven and informed by our growing community of Degrees-funded scientists and other world-experts on SRM who volunteer their time as Research Collaborators–a crucial part of Degrees’ capacity-building process.
SRM is a very controversial topic and we believe that organisations working in this space should commit to high standards of integrity, transparency and good governance. To adhere to these principles:
Degrees researchers are also changing the face of SRM research, with 21 papers published on SRM research in peer-reviewed journals, and a further 36 in the pipeline (as of the end of 2023). Research has been on a wide range of topics, including drought, dust storms, the spread of malaria, and food production. 20 Degrees-funded researchers are also IPCC authors, including a number of sitting as IPCC Vice-Chairs. They have also presented their work at high-level conferences and events, and have contributed to key international reports, including for UNEP and UNESCO.
After a decade of leading the world in building capacity for SRM research in the Global South, 2023 Degrees convened at the Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio Center to identify new workstreams to accelerate our mission. These workstreams will be shaped by 20 climate experts worldwide to deepen our impact, expand our reach and community, and drive transformative change in SRM research.
Ultimately, Degrees’ aim is to lower barriers for research and for research programmes to become well established with further deepening links between experts and regional policymakers, with developing country engagement with SRM having the momentum to be self-sustaining.
"If our long-term ambitions for the Degrees Initiative are achieved, our mission will be complete with international collaboration becoming the norm for SRM research."
CEO, the Degrees Initiative
The Degrees Modelling Fund (DMF) was launched in 2018 as the DECIMALS Fund (Developing Country Impacts Modelling Analysis for SRM). In 2022, DECIMALS was renamed the Degrees Modelling Fund.
The DMF is a partnership between The Degrees Initiative and TWAS, The World Academy of Sciences. The DMF would not have been possible without their expert guidance and hard work.